Don't think so. Mods should be an addon to the main game. Which means that either the mod updates to match with the newest version of the game (either stable, or experimental), or you leave your mod outdated, to work with an older version of the game.
Fortunately, a lot of mod developers update their mods quickly after Factorio has been updated.
Also, because of the detailed changelog, mod developers can easily spot what broke their mod. (or not, but in that case, they most likely don't know what they're doing)